Cookies consist of portions of code (computer files or partial data) sent from a server to the user’s Internet browser. The browser automatically stores them on the user’s computer and automatically return them to the server at each occurrence or subsequent access to the site. Usually a cookie contains the name of the website from which the cookie comes from, the life of the cookie (how long it will remain on the user’s device) and a value, which is usually a unique number generated randomly.
At every visit cookies are sent back to the website that originated them (first-party cookies) or to another site that recognizes them (third-party cookies). Cookies are useful because they allow a website to recognize the user’s device and have different purposes such as, for example, to efficiently navigate pages, remember favorite sites and, in general, improve the browsing experience. They also help to ensure that the advertising content displayed online is more targeted to a user and his interests.
If the user decides to disable cookies, this may affect and/or limit his browsing experience within the Sites, for example he may not be able to visit certain sections of a Site or may not receive personalized information when he visits the Site.
Operating modes, as well as the options for restricting or blocking cookies, can be adjusted by changing the settings of your internet browser. The majority of Internet browsers are initially set to automatically accept cookies, but the user can change these settings to block cookies or to be alerted whenever cookies are sent to his device. There are several ways to manage cookies, for this purpose refer to the help screen of your browser to check how to adjust or change the settings of the same.
The user can change the default configuration and disable cookies (block them permanently), setting the highest level of protection.
Visit the following URLs to manage cookies from the following browsers:
- Chrome: https://support.google.com/chrome/answer/95647?hl=en-GB&hlrm=fr&hlrm=en%5Cr%5Cn
- Internet Explorer: https://support.microsoft.com/en-gb/hub/4338813/windows-help
- Safari: https://support.apple.com/en-gb/guide/safari/sfri11471/mac
- Firefox: https://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/cookies-information-websites-store-on-your-computer
If the user visits the Sites with different devices (for example, computers, smartphones, tablets, etc.), he must ensure that each browser on each device is adjusted to reflect their cookie preferences. To delete cookies from the Internet browser of your smartphone / tablet you must refer to the user manual of the device.
Below is an explanatory list.
- Technical cookies: “technical” cookies are essential for the proper functioning of the site and allow users to browse the site and take advantage of its features (for example, they allow the storage of previous actions or save the user’s session and/or to carry out other activities that are strictly necessary for the operation of the site).
- This category also includes “analytical” cookies that help to understand how users interact with the site by providing information on the last page visited, the number of sections and pages visited, the time spent on the site and each event emerged in the course of navigation, such as an error message, and help to understand every difficulty the user encounters in using the site. This information may be associated with user details such as IP address, domain or browser; however, they are analyzed together with information from other users in order to not identify a particular user. These cookies are collected and aggregated anonymously and allow the site manager to improve the usability of the site.
- “Functionality” cookies: “functionality” cookies allow the site to remember user’s choices (for example the user name) to provide the user a more custom and optimized navigation. Functional cookies are not essential for sites operations, but they improve the quality and the browsing experience. If you do not accept these cookies, the performance and functionality of the site may be lower and the access to site contents may be limited.
- Profiling cookies: “Targeting” or “profiling” cookies are used to display contents more suitable to user interests. They can be used to show targeted advertisements, to publish customized ads based on user interests, or to limit the number of times the user views an advertisement. In addition, they help to measure the effectiveness of advertising campaigns on the site; the site manager may use these cookies to learn the sites visited by the user and share this information with third parties, including agencies and advertisers who may use their cookies to collect information about the activities that users make on the site.
- “Sharing” cookies: “sharing” (or social network) cookies are necessary to allow the user to interact with sites through their social account and serve, for example, to express an appreciation and to share it with the related social contacts.
- The site may use, also in combination with each other, “session” cookies that are stored on the user’s computer for simple technical and functional requirements. For example the transmission of session identifiers necessary to allow a safe and efficient exploration of the site. They are deleted at the end of the “session” simply closing the browser. “Persistent” cookies: “persistent” cookies remain stored on the computer’s hard drive until their expiration or cancellation by users. Through them users who access the sites (or any other users who use the same computer) are automatically recognized at each visit.
- Third-party cookies: when a user browses the site, it is possible that some third parties’s cookies are stored without any control by the site manager. This happens, for example, if the user visits a page with content from a third-party website. As a result, he will receive cookies from these third-party services. On third-party cookies the site manager has no control over the information provided by the cookie and does not have access to such data. This information is totally controlled by third-party companies as described in the respective privacy policies.
The table below shows third-party’s cookies on the site. Those ones are under the direct and exclusive responsibility of the third party operator and are divided into the following macro-categories:
- Third-party services are the following:
- Google Analytics https://analytics.google.com
- Google Tag Manager https://www.google.com/tagmanager/
- Addthis http://www.addthis.com/
If the user does not wish to receive third-party cookies on his device, he can, through the links below, access to third parties’ disclosures and consent forms and exclude this option. These cookies are not controlled directly by the Site, therefore, to revoke the consent you need to refer to the websites of third parties or refer to the site http://www.youronlinechoices.com to get information on how to delete or manage cookies according to the browser used and to manage the preferences on third-party profiling cookies.